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The Giro d’Italia

Posted in Uncategorized by lagazzettadellabici on May 1, 2010

The Giro d’Italia is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May/early June in and around Italy. It is one of the three Grand Tours, and is part of the UCI World Ranking calendar. The most recent winner (2009) is Denis Menchov.

History
The Giro was inspired by the Tour de France, and just as the French race was intended to boost circulation of L’Auto, so Emilio Costamagna, the editor of La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper, aimed to increase his circulation. The first Giro d’Italia started on May 13, 1909 at Milan, with eight stages totalling 2,448 kilometres (1,521 miles). Luigi Ganna was the first winner.

Classifications

Whereas the overall leader of the Tour de France is awarded a yellow jersey (originally to correspond with L’Auto ‘s yellow pages), since 1931 the leader of the general classification in the Giro sports the maglia rosa (pink jersey), which corresponds with newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport‘s pink newsprint. The leader of the mountains classification wears the maglia verde (green jersey). The leader of the points classification wears the maglia rosso (red jersey), the best young rider wears the maglia bianca (white jersey).

Italian Felice Gimondi holds the record for the most podium finishes: nine in total, consisting of three victories, two second places and four third place finishes.

In the 1940s, there also was a black jersey, for the cyclist who was last in the general classification.

General classification
The maglia rosa, or pink jersey, is worn each day by the cyclist with the fastest overall time up to that point of the Giro. The rider wearing the jersey may change from day to day, but given the glory and extra exposure for the team, individual and sponsor of the rider who holds the jersey, teams often make extra efforts to keep the jersey on the race leader from day to day. In fact, each team brings several pink jerseys to the race in case one of their riders becomes the leader. The cyclist with the lowest time at the end of the Giro’s last stage wins the Giro. This is similar to the Yellow jersey used in the Tour de France.  5 wins: Alfredo Binda (1925, 1927, 1928, 1929, 1933), Fausto Coppi (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952, 1953), Eddy Merckx (1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974) 3 wins: Giovanni Brunero (1921, 1922, 1926), Gino Bartali (1936, 1937, 1946), Fiorenzo Magni (1948, 1951, 1955), Felice Gimondi (1967, 1969, 1976), Bernard Hinault (1980, 1982, 1985)

Mountains classification 
During mountain stages of the race, points are awarded to the rider who is first to reach the top of each significant climb. Points are also awarded for riders who closely follow the leader up each climb. The number of points awarded varies according to the hill classification, which is determined by the steepness and length of that particular hill. The green jersey is worn by the rider who, at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of climbing points. If a rider holds both the pink and green jerseys, the green jersey is worn by the rider in second place. At the end of the Giro, the rider holding the most climbing points wins the climbing competition. In fact, some riders, particularly those who are neither sprinters nor particularly good at time-trialing, may attempt only to win this particular competition within the race. This is a similar competition to the polka dot jersey award of the Tour de France, except that the Giro uses three categories for mountains while the Tour uses five. In the Giro, there are no Hors Catégorie or fourth-category ratings. Also, the Cima Coppi, the highest point reached in a particular Giro, is worth more points than the race’s other first-category climbs. In 2009, this classification was won by Stefano Garzelli. 7 wins: Gino Bartali 4 wins: José Manuel Fuente
3 wins: Claudio Chiappucci, Claudio Bortolotto, Franco Bitossi, Fausto Coppi

Points classification
Points are given to the rider who is first to reach the end of, or determined places during, any stage of the Giro. The jersey is worn by the rider who at the start of each stage, has the largest amount of points. The rider whom at the end of the Giro, holds the most points, wins the points competition. This is a similar competition as the green jersey of the Tour de France, with one key difference. Whereas in the Tour de France flat stages award more points than climbing stages, in the Giro all stages award the same points on the same scale. The stage win awards 25 points, second place is worth 20 points, third 16, fourth 14, fifth 12, sixth 10, and one point less per place down the line, to a single point for fifteenth. In addition, stages can have one or more intermediate sprints: 6, 4, and 2 points are awarded to the first three cyclists passing these lines. These points also count toward the TV classification (Traguardo Volante, or “flying sprint”), a separate award. 4 wins: Francesco Moser, Giuseppe Saronni
3 wins: Mario Cipollini, Roger De Vlaeminck, Johan Van der Velde

Youth Competition
The youth competition is a competition within the giro, celebrating young riders. The white jersey is given to the rider under the age of 25 who gets the highest ranking in the general classification. In 2009 it was won by Kevin Seeldraeyers.

List of overall winners

92 2009 Denis Menchov Russia Rabobank
91 2008 Alberto Contador Spain Astana
90 2007 Danilo Di Luca Italy Liquigas
89 2006 Ivan Basso Italy Team CSC
88 2005 Paolo Savoldelli (2nd win) Italy Discovery Channel
87 2004 Damiano Cunego Italy Saeco
86 2003 Gilberto Simoni (2nd win) Italy Saeco
85 2002 Paolo Savoldelli Italy Index-Alexia
84 2001 Gilberto Simoni Italy Lampre-Daikin
83 2000 Stefano Garzelli Italy Mercatone Uno
82 1999 Ivan Gotti (2nd win) Italy Polti
81 1998 Marco Pantani Italy Mercatone Uno
80 1997 Ivan Gotti Italy Saeco
79 1996 Pavel Tonkov Russia Ceramiche Panaria-Vinavil
78 1995 Tony Rominger Switzerland Mapei-GB-Latexco
77 1994 Eugeni Berzin Russia Gewiss-Ballan
76 1993 Miguel Indurain (2nd win) Spain Banesto
75 1992 Miguel Indurain Spain Banesto
74 1991 Franco Chioccioli Italy del Tongo
73 1990 Gianni Bugno Italy Chateau d’Ax
72 1989 Laurent Fignon France Super U-Raleigh-Fiat
71 1988 Andrew Hampsten United States 7-Eleven
70 1987 Stephen Roche Ireland Carrera-Vagabond
69 1986 Roberto Visentini Italy Carrera-Inoxpran
68 1985 Bernard Hinault (3rd win) France La Vie Claire
67 1984 Francesco Moser Italy Gis-Tuc Lu
66 1983 Giuseppe Saronni (2nd win) Italy Del Tongo
65 1982 Bernard Hinault (2nd win) France Renault-Elf-Gitane
64 1981 Giovanni Battaglin Italy Inoxpran
63 1980 Bernard Hinault France Renault-Elf-Gitane
62 1979 Giuseppe Saronni Italy Scic
61 1978 Johan de Muynck Belgium Bianchi-Faema
60 1977 Michel Pollentier Belgium Flandria-Velda
59 1976 Felice Gimondi (3rd win) Italy Bianchi-Campagnolo
58 1975 Fausto Bertoglio Italy Jollyceramica
57 1974 Eddy Merckx (5th win) Belgium Molteni
56 1973 Eddy Merckx (4th win) Belgium Molteni
55 1972 Eddy Merckx (3rd win) Belgium Molteni
54 1971 Gösta Pettersson Sweden Ferretti
53 1970 Eddy Merckx (2nd win) Belgium Faema
52 1969 Felice Gimondi (2nd win) Italy Faema
51 1968 Eddy Merckx Belgium Faema
50 1967 Felice Gimondi Italy Salvarani
49 1966 Gianni Motta Italy Molteni
48 1965 Vittorio Adorni Italy Salvarani
47 1964 Jacques Anquetil (2nd win) France St.Raphael
46 1963 Franco Balmamion (2nd win) Italy Carpano
45 1962 Franco Balmamion Italy Carpano
44 1961 Arnaldo Pambianco Italy Fides
43 1960 Jacques Anquetil France Fynsec
42 1959 Charly Gaul (2nd win) Luxembourg Emi G. S.
41 1958 Ercole Baldini Italy Legnano
40 1957 Gastone Nencini Italy Chlorodont
39 1956 Charly Gaul Luxembourg Faema-Guerra
38 1955 Fiorenzo Magni (3rd win) Italy Nivea-Fuchs
37 1954 Carlo Clerici Switzerland Faema-Guerra
36 1953 Fausto Coppi (5th win) Italy Bianchi-Pirelli
35 1952 Fausto Coppi (4th win) Italy Bianchi-Pirelli
34 1951 Fiorenzo Magni (2nd win) Italy Ganna
33 1950 Hugo Koblet Switzerland Guerra
32 1949 Fausto Coppi (3rd win) Italy Bianchi-Ursus
31 1948 Fiorenzo Magni Italy Willier Triestina
30 1947 Fausto Coppi (2nd win) Italy Bianchi
29 1946 Gino Bartali (3rd win) Italy Legnano
28 1940 Fausto Coppi Italy Legnano
27 1939 Giovanni Valetti (2nd win) Italy France Sport-Wobler
26 1938 Giovanni Valetti Italy Fresjus
25 1937 Gino Bartali (2nd win) Italy Legnano
24 1936 Gino Bartali Italy Legnano
23 1935 Vasco Bergamaschi Italy Maino-Girardengo
22 1934 Learco Guerra Italy Maino-Clement
21 1933 Alfredo Binda (5th win) Italy Legnano
20 1932 Antonio Pesenti Italy Dei
19 1931 Francesco Camusso Italy Gloria
18 1930 Luigi Marchisio Italy Legnano
17 1929 Alfredo Binda (4th win) Italy Legnano
16 1928 Alfredo Binda (3rd win) Italy Legnano
15 1927 Alfredo Binda (2nd win) Italy Legnano
14 1926 Giovanni Brunero (3rd win) Italy Legnano
13 1925 Alfredo Binda Italy Legnano
12 1924 Giuseppe Enrici Italy
11 1923 Costante Girardengo (2nd win) Italy Maino
10 1922 Giovanni Brunero (2nd win) Italy Legnano
9 1921 Giovanni Brunero Italy Legnano
8 1920 Gaetano Belloni Italy Bianchi
7 1919 Costante Girardengo Italy Stucchi
1915 to 1918: suspended because of World War I
6 1914 Alfonso Calzolari Italy Stucchi
5 1913 Carlo Oriani Italy Maino
4[2] 1912 Team Atala
Carlo Galetti (3rd win), Giovanni Micheletto, Eberardo Pavesi[3] Italy Team Atala
3 1911 Carlo Galetti (2nd win) Italy Bianchi
2 1910 Carlo Galetti Italy Team Atala
1 1909 Luigi Ganna Italy Italy

Victories per country
1 Italy 65
2 Belgium 7
3 France 6
4 Switzerland 3
Spain 3
Russia 3
7 Luxembourg 2
8 Ireland 1
United States 1
Sweden 1

Giro d’Italia stage victories
1 Mario Cipollini Italy 42
2 Alfredo Binda Italy 41
3 Learco Guerra Italy 31
4 Costante Girardengo Italy 30
5 Eddy Merckx Belgium 25
6 Alessandro Petacchi Italy 24 Giuseppe Saronni Italy 24
8 Francesco Moser Italy 23
9 Fausto Coppi Italy 22 Roger De Vlaeminck Belgium 22
11 Franco Bitossi Italy 21
12 Giuseppe Olmo Italy 20
Miguel Poblet Spain 20

Records
Most Giro d’Italia victories: 5 by Alfredo Binda, Fausto Coppi, and Eddy Merckx
Most days in the maglia rosa: 76 by Eddy Merckx
Most stage victories in one Giro d’Italia: 12 by Alfredo Binda in 1927
Most consecutive stage victories: 8 by Alfredo Binda in the 1929 Giro d’Italia
Smallest margin of victory: Fiorenzo Magni wins by 11 seconds over Ezio Cecchi in 1948
Longest Giro d’Italia: 4,337 km in 1954
Shortest Giro d’Italia: 2,245 km in 1909
Most Competitors in one Giro d’Italia: 298 riders in 1928
Least Competitors in one Giro d’Italia: 56 riders in 1912
Fewest Finishers in one Giro d’Italia: 8 people finished in 1914
Longest Breakaway: 222 km by Antonio Menendez in 1976
Youngest Rider to win the Giro d’Italia: Fausto Coppi in 1940 he was 20 years, 8 months and 25 days old
Oldest Rider to win the Giro d’Italia: Fiorenzo Magni in 1955 he was 35 years old
Shortest Stage: 1.15 km in 2005
Most times on the podium: Felice Gimondi 3 wins, 2-time second placed; 4-time third placed

Information from Wikipedia 2010

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